EU-US Ministerial Meeting on Justice and Home Affairs
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Since the establishment of the Court of Justice of the European Union in 1952, its mission has been to ensure that "the law is observed" "in the interpretation and application" of the Treaties.
The EDPS is an independent supervisory authority devoted to protecting personal data and privacy and promoting good practice in the EU institutions and bodies.
The European Ombudsman investigates complaints about maladministration in the institutions and bodies of the European Union.
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) is one of the EU's decentralised agencies. Through the collection and analysis of data in the EU, the FRA assists EU institutions and EU Member States in understanding and tackling challenges to safeguard the fundamental rights of everyone in the EU. Working in partnership with the EU institutions, its Member States and other organisations at the international, European and national levels, the FRA plays an important role in helping to make fundamental rights a reality for everyone living in the EU.
Many committees of the European Parliament organise meetings with national Parliaments on concrete issues or specific draft EU legislation, for instance on the reform of the EU's agricultural policy or the gender pay gap. Meetings which are organised under the sole responsibility of the European Parliament and its committees are referred to as Interparliamentary Committee Meetings.
COSAC is a Conference of the committees of the national Parliaments of the European Union Member States dealing with the European Union affairs as well as representatives of the European Parliament. At the bi-annual meetings of COSAC, six Members represent each Parliament. In addition, the national Parliaments of the candidate countries are invited to participate with three observers each.
Non-EU centred Oversight
The European Network of National Intelligence Reviewers (ENNIR) is a knowledge-sharing platform for parliamentary review bodies of intelligence and security services, where best practices on legislation, jurisprudence and general developments in the field are shared, thereby supporting the professionalization of the review bodies of the Member States of the European Union.
The Council of Europe is the continent's leading human rights organisation. It includes 47 member states, 28 of which are members of the European Union. The European Court of Human Rights oversees the implementation of the Convention in the member states.
The OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) provides support, assistance and expertise to participating States and civil society to promote democracy, rule of law, human rights and tolerance and non-discrimination. ODIHR observes elections, reviews legislation and advises governments on how to develop and sustain democratic institutions. The Office conducts training programmes for government and law-enforcement officials and non-governmental organizations on how to uphold, promote and monitor human rights.
Council of the EU Working Groups
The Coordination Committee discusses, from a strategic perspective, files in the area of police and judicial cooperation from relevant Council working parties, before the files are submitted to the Permanent Representatives Committee (Coreper). CATS is made up of directors and directors general at the ministries of justice and home affairs.
The Working Party on General Matters including Evaluation coordinates measures to prevent and counter organised crime, unless they are dealt with by other working parties in the responsibility of interior ministries. It also evaluates member state practices and compliance with the international obligations in the area of law enforcement and the fight against organised crime.
The JAI-RELEX Working Party coordinates external relations in the area of justice and home affairs. It is also in charge of the preparation of EU structured dialogues on justice and home affairs issues with EU partners (Eastern Partnership, US, Russia, Western Balkans and the Council of Europe) at different political levels.
The Working Party on Fundamental Rights, Citizens' Rights and Free Movement of Persons deals with issues related to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, and with negotiations in respect to EU accession to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR).